نقطہ نظر / ڈاکٹر سید نذیرگیلانی

مہاراجہ کشمیر کو پہلی وارننگ

کشمیریوں کی فروخت پربحث کی ضرورت
معافی مانگنے اور ازالہ ادا کرنے پر مجبور کیا جا سکتا ہے۔
برطانیہ کی افریقیوں سے 200سال بعد معافی۔

It was only after 1 year and 9 months on 07 January 1848, that British Government after selling Kashmir to Maharaja on 16 March 1846, warned Maharaja against the reports of his atrocities against the people.

On 7 January 1848 Governor-General Lord Hardinge informed the Maharaja that an experienced officer would be sent for a few months next year in spring to know the real state of things. He wrote, “If the aversion of the people to a Prince’s rule should by his injustice become so miserable as to cause the people to seek his downfall, the British Government are bound by no obligation to force the people to submit to a Ruler who has deprived himself of their allegiance by his misconduct.”

“Officer on Special Duty” was appointed in Kashmir to check the behaviour of European visitors and also to report on general situation. Gradually the office attained the status of genius loci (Guardian spirit of the place)

برطانیہ کی یونیورسٹیوں، تھنک ٹینکس اور دوسرے سیاسی اور پبلک اداروں میں جا کر برطانیہ کا کشمیر کے موجودہ قضیے میں تاریخی، سیاسی،اخلاقی اور قانونی رول بیان کرنا بہت ضروی ہے۔ اس کے لئے کانفرنسز اور سیمیناروں کی اشد ضرورت ہے۔

جس طرح برطانیہ نے 200سال بعد افریقیوں سے افریقہ کے لوگوں کو غلام بنا کر رکھنے پر معافی مانگی اسی طرح برطانیہ کو کشمیریوں کو بیچ کر آج کی مصیبت کا ذمہ دار ہونے کا احساس دلایا جا سکتا ہے۔ اس احساس دلاؤ مہم کے مفید نتائج نکل سکتے ہیں۔ برطانیہ نے کشمیر کو کشمیریوں سمیت 171سال پہلے فروخت کیا تھا۔ برطانیہ میں اس بحث کو احسن اور معتبر طریقے سے شروع کرانا وقت کی اہم ضرورت ہے۔

In November 2006 Prime Minister Tony Blair while apologising to Africans said:

“The transatlantic slave trade stands as one of the most inhuman enterprises in history. At a time when the capitals of Europe and America championed the Enlightenment of man, their merchants were enslaving a continent. Racism, not the rights of man, drove the horrors of the triangular trade. Some 12 million were transported. Some three million died.

Slavery’s impact upon Africa, the Caribbean, the Americas and Europe was profound. Thankfully, Britain was the first country to abolish the trade. As we approach the commemoration for the 200th anniversary of that abolition, it is only right we also recognise the active role Britain played until then in the slave trade. British industry and ports were intimately intertwined in it. Britain’s rise to global pre-eminence was partially dependent on a system of colonial slave labour and, as we recall its abolition, we should also recall our place in its practice.

It is hard to believe that what would now be a crime against humanity was legal at the time. Personally I believe the bicentenary offers us a chance not just to say how profoundly shameful the slave trade was – how we condemn its existence utterly and praise those who fought for its abolition, but also to express our deep sorrow that it ever happened, that it ever could have happened and to rejoice at the different and better times we live in today.”

He used the words ‘regret ‘and ‘sorrow’ because an apology would have immediately caused claims for reparation. The question of reparation due to African slaves is unresolved.

اگر برطانیہ 200سال بعد افریقیوں سے معافی مانگنے پر مجبور ہو سکتا ہےتو اسے کشمیر اور کشمیریوں کو 171سال پہلے بیچنے اور ان پر جاری مظالم ڈھاۓ جانے کی ذمہ داری کا احساس دلاکر معافی مانگنے اور ازالہ ادا کرنے پر مجبور کیا جا سکتا ہے۔